Time of Birth Janmanakshatra
Strength of a Bhava Significance of the houses
The great sage Satyacharya taught the principles of astrology to his disciple
Manithlha and these principles are contained in this work.
1.Addressing his pupil, Salyacharya said, “Oh my dear disciple! I am going to
reveal the principles of Astrology to you. These principles are not known to
anybody and are a great secret. By means of these, you can predict the future
2. The science of Astrology is a great secret. It should be guarded with care. It
should never be revealed to people who have no faith in God, who are sceptics
by nature and to those who do not show reverence to their Guru.
3. This sacred science of Astrology should never be taught to bad people. Nor
should it be revealed to too many people and very frequently. It should be
taught only to a few chosen disciples who really deserve and have the necessary
qualifications. Listen to me with care. Now I shall expound the principles of
Astrology according to “Dhruva Matham” i.e. according to the school of
4. During the course of everyday (24 hours) the twelve ascendants continuously
rise and set one after another. The twelve ascendants are Mesha, Vrisha etc.
The ascendant at sunrise is naturally the sign in which the Sun is posited.
During the course of each lagna millions of creatures are born.
5. There are three different moments which can be taken as the tune of birth and
for which the horoscope can be cast.
These are(1) Adhana lagna i.e. the moment of conception. (2) Siro-darshma lagna
i.e., the moment at which the head of the child is first sighted. (3) Bhupatana
1agnathe moment at which the child leaves the body of the mother and touches
the earth. As it is difficult to determine the first two moments accurately, the
third one should be taken for preparing the horoscope.
6. The fortunes of a native are to be studied with reference to:
(1) the ascendant lord; (2) the lord of the ascendant in the navamsa diagram (3)
The lord of the birth star; and (4) the lords of the rasis occupied by the above
7. Birth-star : Consider the strengths of the Moon and the ascendant. If the
ascendant is Stronger than the Moon, the lord of the star in which the
ascendant falls, is to be taken as the birth star. If, on the other hand, the Moon
is stronger than the ascendant, the lord of the star in which it is posited is to be
taken as the birth star.
Note Thus, it should be noted that the term, “birth-star” is a technical term and has
special meaning in this book.
8. Determination of Birth-star : Two views : Firstly, Birth star has to be determined
by a careful consideration of the strengths of the Moon and the Ascendant,
which is the star in which either the Ascendant falls or the Moon is posited at
the moment of birth. Whichever is stronger of the two i.e. the Moon and the
Ascendant, that should alone be taken into consideration for purpose of
determination of the birth-star. This is the view generally accepted and
(followed. However, there is another view in this matter. Instead of considering
the strengths of the Ascendant and the Moon, we consider the strengths of the
Ascendant lord and the Moon. If the ascendant lord is stronger than the Moon,
the star in which it is posited at birth should be taken as birth-star. But, if the
Moon is Stronger than the Ascendant lord, the star in which it is situated at
birth should be reckoned as the birth-star. But this view is generally not
The lords of the twenty-seven stars are given below :
NAK. # LOCATION NAKSHATRA RULER
1 0 AR 00 13 AR 20 Aswini Ketu
2 13 AR 20 26 AR 40 Bharani Venus
3 26 AR 40 10 TA 00 Krittika Sun
4 10 TA 00 23 TA 20 Rohini Moon
5 23 TA 20 06 GE 40 Mrigishira Mars
6 06 GE 40 20 GE 00 Ardra Rahu
7 20 GE 00 03 CA 20 Purnavasu Jupiter
8 03 CA 20 16 CA 40 Pushyami Saturn
9 16 CA 40 00 LE 00 Ashlesha Mercury
10 00 LE 00 13 LE 20 Magha Ketu
11 13 LE 20 26 LE 40 Purva Phalguni Venus
12 26 LE 40 10 VI 00 Uttara Phalguni Sun
13 10 VI 00 23 VI 20 Hasta Moon
14 23 VI 20 6 LI 40 Chitra Mars
15 6 LI 40 20 LI 00 Swati Rahu
16 20 LI 00 3 SC 20 Vishakha Jupiter
17 3 SC 20 16 SC 40 Anuradha Saturn
18 16 SC 40 00 Sg 00 Jyeshta Mercury
19 00 Sg 00 13 Sg 20 Mula Ketu
20 13 Sg 20 26 Sg 40 Purvashadha Venus
21 26 Sg 40 10 Cp 00 Uttarashadha Sun
22 10 CP 00 23 CP 20 Shravana Moon
23 23 CP 20 6 AQ 40 Dhanishta Mars
24 6 AQ 40 20 AQ 00 Satabhisha Rahu
25 20 AQ 00 3 PI 20 Purva Bhadra Jupiter
26 3 PI 20 16 PI 40 Uttara Bhadra Saturn
27 16 PI 40 00 AR 00 Revati Mercury
10. Calculate the shadbala of all the planets, (according to the rules given by
Sripati). Then judge the horoscope. If all the four determinants, (i.e. the
ascendant lord, the navamsa lagna lord, the lord of the birth star and the lords
of the rasis occupied by the previous three) the native will be very powerful. If
these be of medium strength, the native will be moderately fortunate. If any
two of the above determinants are endowed with full strength, the position and
status of the native in life will be of middle nature. If only one of the
determinants has full strength, he will have just ordinary type of luck. If none
of the determinants is strong, the native will be miserable and poor throughout
Moon Sat. L Jup.
11. Illustration : Consider the horoscope of a person born in Sagittarius lagna in
the star of Uttarashadha and in the Leo navamsa.
For this horoscope the first determinant i.e. the ascendant lord is Jupiter. The
second determinant i.e. the lord of the Janma rasi (i.e. the sign occupied by the
Moon at birth) is the Sun. The third determinant i.e. the lord of the star
Uttarashadha is the Sun. The lord of the signs occupied by them also happens
to be the Sun. The above horoscope is given by Sage Satyacharya in order to
illustrate the principles of determining the birth-star and the other
determinants. This horoscope, Satyacharya says, is the horoscope of a male
child born under the star of Uttarashadha first quarter .(wr) in the month of
Simha. The ascendant is Dhanu. In the navamsa chart, the ascendant is Leo.
So, the first determinant i.e. the lord of the ascendant is Jupiter. The second
determinant i.e. the lord of the Navamsa lagna is the Sun.
The third determinant is the lord of the birth-star. Satyacharya judges like this. As
the Moon is Vargoththama it is stronger than the Ascendant. Hence the birthstar
is Uttarashadha in which the Moon was posited at birth. Lord of
Uttarashadha being Sun, it is the third determinant
To find the fourth determinant, according to the definition, we have to consider
the lords of the rasis occupied by the above three. Here, the first three
determinants are Jupiter, Sun and Sun. The lord of the rasi in which they are
situated is again Sun. Hence the determinants are Jupiter and the sun.
In this horoscope, Jupiter is posited in the 9th house (Bhagya Bhava)in
conjunction with the Sun who owns the 9th house.
Moreover, Jupiter has shubhakartari yoga as it is between Venus and Mercury.
Venus being labhadhipati (11′) and Mercury being Rajyadhipati (10′).
Therefore, Jupiter is very strong.
Now consider the Sun. Sun is in the Bhagya Bhava (9th house), in its own sign
(Leo). It is Vargoththama and is in conjunction with Jupiter which is highly
auspicious. It is also hemmed between two benefic planetsVenus and Mercury,
(the Labhadhipati and Rajyadhipati). Thus the Sun is also very strong.
As Jupiter and the Sun happen to be the determinants for this horoscope and as
they have been found to be strong, the native will be blessed with long life,
fortunes and prosperity.
Satyacharya is of the opinion that the native of this horoscope is a very fortunate
person, sure to become an emperor endowed with much wealth and power,
[strictly speaking, the comparison of the strengths of the Lagna and the Moon
is to be made on the basis of the calculated values of their respective shadbalas.
(sixfold strength). Sometimes, as a rough method, the comparison of the
strengths of the Lagna and the Moon is to be made on the basis of the
calculated values of their respective shadbalas. (sixfold strength). Sometimes,
as a rough method, the comparison is made on the basis of swakshetra,
exaltation, (Vargoththama positions of the ascendant lord and the Moon).
The significance of the Houses:
12. The Significance of the twelve Bhavas : The first house signifies the body, its
form, colour, caste, stay in foreign lands, strength, weakness, good and bad acts,
place of residence, balarishta, happiness and unhappiness. For the benefit of
the readers we quote some verses in this connection from standard works like
Phaladeepika and Jataka Parijata.
Here, Satyacharya cautions that the twelve bhavas should be considered with
reference to both Lagna and Chandra Lagna in interpreting (heir significances.
For example, if we are to study the financial prospects of the natives the second
house from Lagna and Chandra lagna should both be considered and then only
we should proclaim the net results through a careful judgement of both of
them. For example, even if a person appears to be short lived when examined
with reference to Lagna, but there are yogas for longevity with reference to
Chandra lagna, these yogas will certainly contribute to his life and the result
will be that the person will have medium length of life.
13. Strength of a Bhava: A Bhava is said to be strong, when its lord as well as the
lord of the rasi in which it is placed are both strong. (The latter is known as the
depositor of the former). If both these are strong, all the good results of the
Bhava will fructify. If only one is strong, the results will be ordinary. If both are
weak, bad effects alone will result.
14. Satyacharya illustrates these principles with the help of the following
The native of this horoscope is born in Mesha lagna and Mesha navamsa.
Satyacharya has given the positions of the two planets. Saturn in Tula and Mars
in Makara. He says that this person will be a great emperor endowed with
much wealth and fame.
The reason is, the ascendant lord is in the 10th house and is exalted. (Excellent
Ruchaka Yoga). Its depositor (i.e. lord of the rasi in which
Mars is placed) is Saturn and it is also exalted in the seventh house. Also, Mars, the
ascendant lord aspects the Lagna which is its own house. Also the lagna is
Vargoththama. (Navamsa lagna also being Mesha). The aspect of Mars over
the ascendant makes the person short in stature. (Mars is described as short in
stature). Satyacharya says here that other combinations should also be taken
into account For example, if the Navamsa lagna is hemmed between benefics, it
will be more auspicious and the fortunes will be much increased. If these
benefics are auspicious by their lordship (i.e. they own trine houses or happen
to be Yogakarakas), it will further contribute to the increase of fortunes. But if
the benefics who are on either side of the navamsa lagna, are malefics by
lordship (i.e. if they own bad houses 6, 8,12), auspicious nature will be reduced
and there will be bad results in addition.
Note: The extension of Navamsa lagna is 3? 20′. By saying that the Navamsa lagna
should be hemmed between benefics it is implied that benefics should be quite
close to the lagna point within a range of 3? 20″ and no malefic should
intervene. It is doubtful, whether this is to be read from the Navamsa chart
15. The Second House
The second house rules over finance, money, wealth, eye, face, speech, family,
food, tongue, teeth, death, begging, timidity, nose and welfare of family
Note: If the second house is extremely weak or afflicted, naturally the native will
be driven to begging. The reason why Satyacharya assigns timidity to this house
is perhaps because it is the twelfth house from the third house which denotes
16. The third house signifies brothers, courage, bravery, fear, voice, ear, fruits,
father’s death, strength, dress and mental stability and firmness.
Note : Third house is seventh (Marakasthana) from the 9th house. Hence it
denotes the death of father.
17. The fourth house denotes comfort education, conveyance, heart, landed
property, house, mother, friends, relatives, cattle and buildings.
Jataka Parijata says:
18. The fifth house rules over children, intelligence, meritorious deeds, charity,
kingship, duty, respect for parents and success in attempts.
19. The sixth house signifies diseases, troubles from enemies, worries, injuries,
litigation, sorrows, maternal uncle, injuries, armies, mental worries and legal
20. The seventh house denotes marriage, wife, travel, death journeys, change of
residence and foreign travel.
Note : The seventh house is one of the marakasthanas, the other being the second
house. The reason is, it happens to be the twelfth from the house of longevity
i.e. the eighth house.
21. The eighth house signifies longevity, misfortunes, sins, debts, enmity, death,
difficulties, impediments, grief and unhappiness resulting from sins committed
in previous births, sudden and untimely death and enemies.
22. The ninth house rules over father, fortunes, preceptor (guru), meritorious
deeds, righteousness, charities and merit accrued from past births.
23. The tenth house represents livelihood, profession, occupations, commerce
trade, honour, rank, fame, authority command, dress, pilgrimage, occupations
of one’s caste.
24. The eleventh house denotes gains, elder brother, profits, ornaments, fulfilment
of desires, acquisition of wealth and profits through commerce.
25. The twelfth house : This house rules over loss, expenditure, misery, salvation
(Moksha), poverty, expenses, donations, charities, inimical activity, loss by
theft, bondage, encounter with thieves, the left eve. sin, comforts of bed, feet,
Strength of Bhavas and planetsPancha Siddhanta criterionsPlanetary
friendshipAuspicious and inauspicious stars etc.
I. General rules for the study of Bhavas :
(i) Each Bhava has innumerable significations i.e. they denote many points of life.
These have to be studied very carefully by considering the relevant Bhavas and
the ruling planets (Karakas).
(ii) A Bhava will flourish if its lord and Karaka planet are strong by being placed
in their exaltation signs, Moolatrikona signs or own signs.
(iii) If the lord of a Bhava is placed between benefic planets or benefic stars, the
Bhava will thrive.
Note: This is called Subhakartri yoga for the Lord of the Bhava.
(iv) If the lord of a Bhava is placed in the 6th, 8th and 12th houses, the Bhava will
(v) If the lord of a Bhava is placed in the three stars called Vipath, Pratyari and
Vadha taras, (i.e. die 3rd, 5th and the 7th starts counted from the natal star),
the Bhava will decline.
(vi) If the lord of the Bhava is hemmed between malefic planets, the significations
of the Bhava will suffer.
Note: This is called ‘Papakartri yoga’ of the lord of the Bhava.
(vii) If the lord of the Bhava is combust or has set or is in debilitation the Bhava is
(viii) If the lord of a Bhava is posited in Kendra or Trikona houses, significations
of the Bhava will flourish.
(ix) If the lord of a Bhava is posited within the first six houses from its house, it
tends to improve the significations of the Bhava.
(x) The planet which is moving towards its exaltation point, which has large
number of subhavargas and vargoththamas (remaining in the same rasi,
Navamsa, Drekkana, Saptamamsa and trimsamsas) and which is associated
with Benefics tend to promote the Bhava.
(x;) The planet that has large number of Ashtakavarga bindus (6,7 or 8), will
promote the significations of its Bhava.
(xii) The planet which is not placed as described above will cause the destruction
of the Bhava. (i.e. if it is between malefics, conjoined or aspected by malefics
(xiii) A Bhava flourishes if it is conjoined with or aspected by benefics. Similarly, it
will thrive if it is hemmed between benefic planets. But if it is otherwise i. e. if it
is conjoined with or aspected by malefics or is hemmed between malefic
planets, it will suffer destruction.
Satyacharya says that a wise astrologer should judge the effects of a Bhava by the
principles given above and by the Pancha siddhanta Principles’ which he
proceeds to explain next.
2. Pancha Siddhanta
1. These are five basic principles in the study of a horoscope. They are: (i)
GrahaSeela (the behaviour of nature of the different planets) (ii) Karakatva
(Significators) (iii) Nakshatra (stellar positions of the planets) (iv) Swavarga
(positions of the planets in the rasi, navamsa, hora, drekkana and other varga
charts). These principles are referred to as the ‘Panchasidhanta principles. (The
Panchasiddhantas i.e., Brahma, Pulisa, Ramaka etc. are not meant here are
they are concerned with astronomy and not astrology.)
1. The Nature and Indications of the Different Planets:
1. The Sun
Forin: The Sun has a square-built body and is short in stature. His colour is darkred.
He has very little hair on his head. He has strong bones and honeycoloured
eyes. He is eight yojanas high. His gaze is directed upwards.
2. Temperament: The Sun is resolute and wrathful. He is a hot planet. He is of the
3. Guna: He is of the sattva guna.
4. Direction: The Sun rules the Eastern Direction.
5. Age: He is represented as thirty years old.
6. Rays: He has five rays.
7. Significations: The Sun represents a King; an intelligent person, gold, copper,
lead, brass, jewels worn on the ear, nose, head and chest, fruit bearing trees,
animals living on grass, thatched house, girls eight years of age, short trees,
bearing fruits, brinjal, beans, pungent articles, coarse wick clothes etc.
8. Grain: Wheat
9. Strength: The Sun is strong in the forenoon and during the day time.
10. Gemstones: Vaidoorya Mani and Manikya.
2. The Moon
1. The Moon is round in shape. His colour is white. He has a huge body. He is one
yojana high. His eyes are very beautiful. He is friendly with others. He likes
travel. The Moon is a feminine planet and is cold in nature.
2. Temperament: The Moon is very mild and meek. He is very soft in his speech.
He is a mixture of the two humours phlegm (to) and wind
3. Caste: Vaisya.
4. Direction: North-west
5. Age: 70 years.
6. Rays: The Moon has twenty-one rays.
7. Significations: The Moon represents white colour, calmness, watery nature,
poets/strong houses, feminine qualities, womanliness, white trees, trees having
milk in them, rope, chain (Pipal etc.), silver, sweet substances, white silk, cloth,
water, lily, conch, aquatic creatures, salt, cucumber and plantain trees, bronze,
brass, trees growing in watery places. Ornaments worn on head and by
youngsters, rice and wheat
8. Grain: Rice.
9. Strength: The Moon is strong during the night and in the suklapaksha.
10. Stone: Pearl.
3. The Mars:
1. Mars is reddish in colour. He has a youthful form. His body is lean and slender
at the waist His head is square. His gaze is fierce and is directed upwards. His
height is seven yojanas.
2. Temperament : By nature Mars is very cruel. He is fickle-minded and ferocious.
He is rash in his actions but is extremely generous. His body is warm.
3. Guna: Mars represents rajasa guna.
4. Direction: Mars rules the southern direction.
5. Rays: Mars has five rays.
6. Age: His age is four years.
7. Grain: Dal and red grains.
8. He represents thick red colour, fire, bricks, power, thorny trees, wild animals,
mosquitoes, bugs, sheep, bones, brothers, lands, houses, anger, war,
instruments, thieves, marrow of the bone, bitter taste, energy, prowess, sin,
wounds, battles, enemies, daring acts, cruelty and torture, roaming in forests,
bronze, golden waist-string, pomp and show and a house on fire.
9. Strength: He is strong during the night and during the dark lunar half.
1′. Mercury is green in colour like the blade of a Durva grass. He is rajasic by
nature. He is rather lean. He is talkative. He is fond of fun and humour. He has
long reddish eyes. He wears green dress. He is eight yojanas high. He is of the
vaisya caste. He becomes a malefic if he becomes associated with malefics.
2. Temperament: He is highly intelligent He is very learned. He is a mixture of the
three humours wind (qra), phlegm (aro) and bile.
3. Guna: He is rajasic.
4. Direction: North.
5. Rays: He has six rays.
6. Grain: Green gram.
7. He rules over green colour, blue stones, glass bangles, Neelotpala flowers, (blue
lillies), betel leaves, fruits having seeds, centipedes and creatures having many
legs, uncle. Mathematics, speech, trade, wisdom, wit and humour, pearls,
village administration, birds, smoke, coloured dress, decorated houses, fruits
with seeds inside, bitter fruits, black paddy, bdipeds, pupils and vaisya caste.
1. Jupiter possesses a big body. He is yellow in colour. He is noble by nature. He is
fat He has big belly. He is a Brahmin by caste. His eyes are slightly brown
(honey-coloured). He is about thirty years of age.
2. Temperament-‘He is exceedingly intelligent. He is very noble and generous. His
speech is clear and pure.
3. Guna: Satva
4. Direction: -North-east.
5. Rays: Jupiter has seven rays.
6. Grain: Bengal gram (^orb) is assigned to Jupiter.
7. He rules over Vedas, devotion, legal affairs, elliptical shape, bankers/charity,
religiousness, honours, children, reputation, gold, fine flowers, sugarcane,
coconut trees, betel-nut trees, trees bearing sweet fruits (like mango etc.)’
beautiful houses in which much wood work is displayed.
Venus possesses 3 beautiful form. His limbs are well proportioned and charming.
His hair is dark and curly. He has fine lovely eyes. His speech is soft and
pleading. He is pleasure-loving. Venus is a feminine planet. He is sixteen years
of age. He is considered to be a watery planet
1. Temperament- He is very passionate by nature and is given to enjoyments. He is
a mixture of the two humours wind and phlegm.
2. Caste: Venus ?s a Brahmin by caste.
2. Direction: Venus governs the south-east direction.
4. Rays: Venus has eight rays.
5. Significations ‘ He rules over white colour, vehicles, fine clothes, beauty, wife,
love affairs, fine arts, marriage, vitality, fame, sexual enjoyment, good qualities
of character, jasmine, houses with much artistic beauty, pcarts, silver, bees,
trees growing in watery places.
6. Grain: cowgram.
7. Strength: He is strong during the night and in the bright fortnight.
1. Form: Saturn is dark in colour. He had deep set eyes and a lean and tall body
covered with veins. He is dull and has large nails, teeth and coarse hair. He
looks downward. He is cruel and pitiless. His height is eight yojanas.
2. Temperament: Saturn is a tamasic planet He is cruel and pitiless. He is idle and
3. Caste: Soodra caste.
4. Direction: Saturn governs the west
5.Rays: Saturn has five rays.
6. Significations : Saturn indicates evil nature, cunningness, impediments,
wickedness, servants, mean acts, thieves, old dilapidated houses, bitter fruits,
forests, fruits with thick skin, wild flowers, trees full of thorns, bamboos,
palmyra trees, margosa trees and wild animals.
7. Grain: Til
10. Rahu and Ketu
Satyacharya has stated that Rahu resembles Saturn and Ketu resembles Mars in
their significations. We give below some more information collected from other
2. Form: Rahu is black in colour and is tall in stature. He suffers from skindiseases.
He is a heretic. He speaks falsehood and ill of others.
3. Direction: South-west.
4. Significations: Paternal grand-father, serpents, scars, cheating, skin diseases,
accidents, violence, worship of Durga, fever, snakes and other reptiles having
poison in the mouth, jugglery, danger from poison, hands, twenty yojanas,
hysteria, imprisonment, foreign languages, backbiting, quarrels, deception,
amputation, excessive speech, stealing, theft, robbery, deeds and occupations
considered low for one’s caste etc.
5. Stone: Agate
6. Grain: Black gram.
1. Form: Ketu has reddish eyes and a fierce look. His speech is venomous. He has a
big body and holds weapons in his hands. His colour is smoky. He always
inhales smoke. His limbs are covered with wounds. He is very cruel by nature.
2. Significations: Knowledge (an), salvation, worship of Ganesh, religion, maternal
grand-father, sinful habits, ulcers, imprisonment, skin diseases, dacoity, murder,
insects having poison in the tail like scorpion, proficiency in foreign languages,
low and mean acts, occupations too low for one’s caste, accidents by fire,
haughtiness, unhappiness and imprisonment.
3. Stone: Vaidoorya (turquoise).
Om Tat Sat